Uganda National Health Consumers' Organisation (UNHCO) guided by her vision(“A Uganda where the healthcare system guarantees full enjoyment of the right to health by all people) and indebted to her mission (to promote full integration and implementation of the rights based approach in Uganda's health sector through meaningful citizen-duty bearer engagement in healthcare planning and delivery)conceived an idea of advocating for the inclusion of the Right to Health in the 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda as amended because the same is not expressly stated in the Constitution.
The right to health is a fundamental part of our human rights and understanding of a life of dignity. The right to enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of the physical and mental health is not a novel idea, it was articulated in the 1946 Constitution of the World health organisation(WHO), whose preamble defines Health as 'a state of complete physical , mental and social well- being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.' The preamble makes mention of ' the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition.'
RESPONDING TO RIGHTS VIOLATIONS
UNHCO responded to cases of health rights violations and highlighted them for action such as the dismissal of pregnant students from university, stating that the dismissals selectively deny female students to equal opportunities for education enshrined in the Constitution of Uganda as their male counter parts are never affected, hence failing them from benefiting from favorable conditions for education, freely associating with fellow students hence casting a dark cloud on their future which is likened to double jeopardy.
UNHCO's Patient Complaint forms were also distributed at project target health facilities - these formed a complementary redress mechanism for illegal violations and collect evidence for advocacy for the right to health.